What is a drone?
A drone is, in a technological context, an unmanned aerial vehicle. Drones are formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs/UAVs), unmanned aerial vehicles (UAS) or unmanned aerial systems (UAS or Unmanned Aircraft Systems). Essentially an unmanned flying robot. Drones can be controlled remotely, or they can fly autonomously using built-in software (flight plan) that works in close connection with on-board sensors and GPS systems.
In the recent past, unmanned aerial vehicles have had exclusively military applications, where they were originally used to destroy air targets and collect intelligence information. Now drones have a wide range of civilian applications, ranging from search and rescue, surveillance, weather monitoring, traffic monitoring, firefighting, personal use, business focusing on photography and video, agriculture, and even delivery services.
- The first unmanned aerial vehicle was implemented in 1935 using the De Havilland DH82B “Queen Bee” full-sized biplane as an example. It was equipped with a radio receiver and a control servo placed in the back seat. Subsequently, it was used as a live target at firing practice from anti-aircraft installations in order to train gunners. A total of 380 De Havilland DH82B “Queen Bee” aircraft were built. The term “drone” was born thanks to this historical event.
- At the end of 2012, Chris Anderson stepped down as editor-in-chief of Wired magazine to take up drone work at 3DRobotics Inc. Later, within the walls of this company, a unique APM flight code was first written, on the basis of which the well-known high-class autopilot, Pixhawk, was implemented. Currently, the company specializes in the field of UAVs and implements its advanced solutions in such areas as photo and video filming, construction, utilities, telecommunications services, as well as public safety.
*The founder of the unique Pixhawk is Chris Anderson.
- At the end of 2013, the well-known public company Amazon was one of the first to use commercial drones in test mode to deliver products for sale. Later in 2016, this idea was supported by: Virginia Polytechnic University and the State Institute, together with the Alphabet Inc holding, using the Wing test project as an example, the purpose of which was to implement the delivery of goods purchased on the Internet or essentials using drones.
- Drone production soon began to expand. Embry-Riddle — Aviation University, has long been a training ground for the aviation industry. It currently offers a Bachelor of Science in Unmanned Systems, a Master of Science in Unmanned Systems, and basic training courses in Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
- 2016 From BI Intelligence’s “The drones Report”: “Drone revenue will increase to $12 billion by 2021. BI Intelligence analysts estimate that in 2015 it was already over $8 billion.”
Drones have become widely used in the field of surveillance and journalism, since UAVs have the ability to access places where it is impossible for a person to reach.
Drones in the enterprise
The integration of drones and the internet has enabled the ubiquity of drones in businesses; Drones operate on terrestrial IoT sensor networks, help agricultural companies monitor land and crops, energy companies use drones to inspect power lines and related equipment.
Drones and security
The high demand for commercial and private drones has also raised a number of safety concerns regarding the consequences of collisions and loss of control. In this regard, many countries have introduced a number of amendments to the air code at the legislative level. There were no-fly zones “No fly”.
According to Russian legislation, drones with a maximum takeoff weight of 0.25kg to 30kg are subject to mandatory accounting. It is proposed to create a database of drones and other UAVs, which will be officially named “Unmanned Civil Aircraft” (UCA).
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