In fact, the answer to the question posed requires a more detailed disclosure and, accordingly, cannot fit in one article. It will be best if you use our tutorials on building a drone from scratch. We formulated the short answer in the form of consistent fundamental recommendations that will help you understand the overall picture of the process of building a quadrocopter from scratch.
No matter how ambitious the goals of the user are, the process of creating any drone begins with the construction / selection of the frame. Professionals create all design elements from scratch, beginners are advised to start with ready-made Frame Kit options offered on various Internet trading platforms.
The next step is to select the main components of the quadcopter, which should be determined based on your own preferences.
In addition to the frame, this list should include:
- 4 motors (brushless or brushed)
- Electronic speed controllers
- flight controller
- Radio receiver and control equipment
- Power distribution board
- LiPo battery (you need to make an informed decision)
- FPV Camera + FPV Goggles + Video Transmitter (VTX) (if FPV is planned)
Extended flight requires a large battery, which in turn forces the designer to compromise on speed and handling.
Connecting the electronic stuffing to each other (Flight Controller, Motors, ESC, Power Distribution Board, etc.), as a rule, is associated with the soldering process, which in itself is not difficult and differs for beginners only in quality, which each time will only improve.
Often, the drone is equipped with two types of cameras, one of which is a heading camera (FPV camera), the other is for aerial photography (mainly GoPro Hero/Session format action cameras).
DIY Drone Kit
Before you start building your first drone yourself from scratch, it is recommended that you first practice on the so-called “DIY Drone Kit” drones. Such kits are not expensive and allow you to learn from your mistakes without much regret, which, in turn, always take place when creating a custom drone. After you get enough experience on cheap kits, you can move on to upgrading and customizing them, and only then to creating your own assembly.
You should not pass by various user forums for creating UAVs, where you can share your experience, thereby solving many problems that, at first glance, a beginner may seem unsolvable.
That’s all we have, we hope the above information was useful to you. Thank you for your attention.