The creation and use of unmanned aerial vehicles – quadrocopters – has become a major breakthrough in the field of intellectual achievements. Innovations are used in all elements of these devices: from modern composite materials to the latest navigation equipment.
Quadcopters have different purposes depending on the size and programmed programs. Hence the various options for their use. The largest and most serious models are used in the military – they are equipped with fixed wings and require short runways. There are units that are used for geographical surveying of the area, anti-poaching and for meteorological purposes. Smaller drones use VTOL technology. And very, very miniature models are launched from the palm of your hand.
Until recently, quadrocopters flying in the sky seemed just a child’s toy, and today we often consider them the only means that can help people in a difficult situation. In order to really appreciate the benefits of using drones, we can look at popular and unusual ways to use them.
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A number of large trading and postal companies are seriously considering investing in the development of drones that deliver parcels, mail, medicines, and food. The delay in the launch of such projects lies only in some technical problems in conditions of dense urban development, as well as the interaction of drones with aircraft in the free zone.
In places where conditions allow to take advantage of drones, the delivery of some items has already become a reality. La Poste France has already launched such a delivery program, and the Swiss and Finnish postal services have come close to testing the program. And China Post already delivers more than 500 parcels a day in a number of its provinces in this way. Shopping giants Amazon and Walmart have already announced such a service to their consumers, and Google has conducted the first test drone delivery. If successful, the company plans to use its solar-powered drones to distribute 5G Internet throughout the entire Earth. In the meantime, some models with built-in Wi-Fi, such as Cheerson Wi-Fi, delight ordinary users.
Assistant in journalism
Events on the battlefields, large-scale events, sports competitions can now be watched online, which increases the degree of consumer confidence in information and takes modern journalism to a new level.
The digital age has brought major changes to the nature of journalism and the evolution of information dissemination. You can stay at the forefront of collecting and presenting information using a quadrocopter. The concept of “drone journalism” allows viewers to receive multimedia news content in real time.
Considering how and what can be done with this device, the Photographers Association of America, together with the Google News Lab, presented an innovative training program for journalists in the use of drones. The Drone Journalism School they created considers not only the collection of information, but also pays great attention to the ethical and legal issues of these mass communications.
Transportation of medicines
Quadcopters deliver blood, transplants, vaccines to patients in underdeveloped countries – Rwanda, Tanzania, Papua New Guinea. It is this direction of using quadrocopters that is most in demand and appreciated by physicians.
The use of devices in emergency situations proved their indispensability after the earthquake in Haiti in 2012, the typhoon in the Philippines and in other regions where the infrastructure was completely destroyed. The Californian company Zipline, which works closely with the international organization Doctors Without Borders, is the leader in rescuing people and delivering medicines using drones.
Thus, quadcopters can solve the problem of almost 2 billion people from Africa and Asia, who have limited access to medical services and medicines. The huge potential of drones in transporting medicines or vaccines helps in situations where the time factor is important.
What drones can do is to search for and rescue people who have disappeared in inaccessible places – mountains, forests, oceans. Quadcopters with thermal cameras can find a person caught in an avalanche or fallen into a cave. Devices will warn the police about finding criminals in the dark, rangers – about the ambush of poachers. During natural disasters, they deliver not only medicines, but also means of communication.
In Australia, drones have found and delivered rescue equipment to two teenagers who were swept out to sea a kilometer from the coast. The entire operation to transport the life raft took a few minutes. Drones are also used to detect sharks. In addition, drones are used to drop explosives in mountainous areas for controlled avalanches.
Oil Rigs Inspection
The safety of the environment and maintenance personnel are the main parameters taken into account by the leaders of oil and gas companies during the signing of a contract for the inspection and assessment of the technical condition of platforms and oil rigs using drones. The benefits of using drones are clear:
- Quick inspection and assessment of hard-to-reach areas;
- Possibility of prompt response to a critical situation;
- Access to inspection sites that pose a danger to people;
- The ability to obtain high-quality and detailed pictures of equipment malfunctions and defects at any height;
- Rapid deployment of unmanned inspection.
Monitoring the population of animals, determining their habitat on the scale of large geographical areas becomes possible with the advent of an unmanned inspection system. According to experts, drones are the safest, most environmentally friendly and inexpensive alternative to manned aircraft.
Quadcopters that can shoot in several modes (DJI Spark) can be used in extreme situations, over large areas, without unnerving the animals and without disturbing their rhythm of life. With their help, researchers monitor the behavior of penguins in Antarctica, the movement of humpback whales off the coast of Chile, observe the flights of birds, follow the migration routes of elephants in India. With the help of photo and video materials, scientists have found habitats for endangered wild animals and can prevent their death.
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Fight against crime
The safety of police officers has increased significantly with the use of quadrocopters (DJI Phantom 4 PRO) in the service. The effective use of drones is especially beneficial in the following cases:
- Analysis of traffic accidents. Pictures from the drone camera capture all the details of accidents, the urgency of calling medical services, the directions of travel to the scene;
- crowd monitoring. Large events, concerts, sports, parades are usually accompanied by the presence of a huge number of people. Drones make it possible to assess the threat, regulate the passage of the crowd along paths that do not allow crushing, and see foreign objects;
- Bomb Inspection. Inspection of suspicious packages or bags can be carried out using a drone to assess the initial threat and decide on the degree of its danger;
- Track down criminals in the dark. The presence of thermal imagers on the drone’s camera helps the police to pursue criminals, guided by data from the drone.
Help during disasters
Drones will help in man-made disasters, when humanitarian workers cannot access disaster areas. They will assess the damage from accidents at industrial enterprises, railway accidents with dangerous goods, terrorist attacks, determine the degree of contamination of large areas with chemical or nuclear waste, and provide assistance to the victims.
So, in 2011, during the tsunami in Japan, the building of the Fukushima nuclear power plant was damaged. A whole army of drones assessed the situation and the degree of destruction of the station. These devices participated in the monitoring of the radiation threat, monitored the spread of exposure to other territories.
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Help for farmers
In agriculture, drones equipped with thermal imagers evaluate plant growth. Multispectral sensors allow the farmer to control the application of irrigation, fertilizers and pesticides in the required places. They can also monitor the health of crops, their infection with fungal or bacterial infections.
In addition, fields can be cultivated with drones in complex geographic landscapes, spraying fertilizer in places where aircraft cannot reach. Using ultrasonic echo sounder technology, spray drones accurately carry out the spraying procedure, avoiding the risk of over-applying chemicals.
Shooting sports events
It became possible to enjoy the game of your favorite team, to see the smallest nuances of the game, to follow the emotions of the players with the help of shooting performed by drones. Gorgeous and exciting footage of a sharp struggle gives the viewer the opportunity to feel the intensity of the game and empathize with the players. In addition to audience interest, unmanned transmission helps to solve a number of other important tasks:
- Sports commentators get a detailed picture of what is happening, which helps them to report accurately;
- The coaching staff has the opportunity to carefully analyze the course of the game and make adjustments to the team’s actions;
- Advertising agencies use the best moments of the gaming confrontation to create advertising products.
Guarding national borders
The use of drones to protect state borders is in demand and effective. Such drones can be equipped with face and license plate recognition systems, thermal imagers, and phone call interception technology. This is very useful for preventing and responding to incidents at the border. In addition, this is a convenient way to control the situation in inaccessible border areas.
With the help of drones, border guards can track smugglers, drug dealers and prevent illegal border crossings in difficult areas.
saving the planet
With the help of drones, scientific organizations carry out research projects, restore tropical forests, track the melting of glaciers in the Arctic. With the use of drones, scientists collect information and photographs from regions of interest to them, which helps to make more accurate climate forecasts.
The emergence and spread of large-scale fires, changes in natural conditions and global warming – all these problems are studied using high-precision equipment delivered by drones to the observation site. Changing the natural habitat leads to the mass death of animals, and only the information received can contribute to the resettlement of wild animals and the salvation of entire species.
One of the first to appreciate the incredible abilities of quadrocopters (PowerVision PowerEgg) were the paparazzi. They stopped sitting in ambush in a tree or in the bushes, waiting for rare shots of celebrities. Many celebrities complain about swarms of drones stalking their families while on vacation or traveling. In addition, they were embarrassed by the danger that devices in the hands of inexperienced paparazzi could cause.
Laws have begun to be passed in many countries prohibiting the filming of private life. Now, having noticed surveillance from a drone, anyone can report a violation of their rights to the police.
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Real estate trade
Many realtors see the use of drones as an important technology to enter the real estate business. Using flying cameras, the agent creates stunning landscapes, perspectives, surroundings of the object of sale. The customer can view potential housing from a bird’s eye view, examine his garden, see neighboring buildings.
In addition, the client can see the condition of the upper structures, roofs, inspect the adjacent roads and children’s areas.
Implementation of the craziest ideas
Using a drone, you can make an unforgettable marriage proposal by decorating the place with a thousand candles or beautiful flowers, filming the whole procedure from a bird’s eye view.
You can save memories of a significant life event, an exciting journey, by getting unique photos of your adventures. Thanks to drones, you can explore new cultures and countries.
Filming fantastic footage
Photographers around the world are striving to capture stunning drone footage that was simply not possible before. The best of them participate in the Dronestagram competition, which is held annually. In the categories Nature, People, City, Creativity, photographers present the most impressive photographs, which allows a large number of people to enjoy the bewitching views of our planet from an unusual angle.
Aircraft provide enormous advantages and allow solving a number of large-scale tasks. Large companies finance the creation of new models with more serious functionality, designed to increase profits from their activities. Public services use them for the protection and safety of people, doctors use drones to save lives, the army uses them to conduct military operations. And ordinary people enjoy the opportunity to see the world from a new angle, enjoy the beauty and unique charm of the planet.